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《无人机》第10期:借助人工智能,每个士兵都可以反击无人机

woniu 资讯 2020-10-21 07:57:04 5592 0 ar无人机人工智能rp智能
《无人机》第10期:借助人工智能,每个士兵都可以反击无人机

主要内容

通过增加人工智能机器学习,目标是使每位士兵,无论其工作专业如何,都能够识别并击毁威胁性无人机。这类任务大部分以前都是由防空部队执行,但随着无人机袭击对任何步兵小队或坦克营造成的威胁,反无人机挑战变得非常严峻。

美国陆军联合反无人机系统办公室(JCO)负责能力和需求的部门主管马克·佩里尼上校说。“每个人都可以反击UAS”。佩里尼(Pelini)和JCO主任肖恩·盖尼(Sean Gainey)少将在星期四的美国陆军虚拟协会会议上对记者说,最初的重点是较小的第一和第二级无人机威胁,但这现已扩展到三级无人机威胁,传统上是陆军防空部队所涵盖的威胁,例如复仇者和爱国者导弹连。其中的一些工作包括将更大的威胁检测与现在遍布世界各地冲突的较小无人机联系起来,这些冲突包括亚美尼亚-阿塞拜疆冲突中正在呈现的状况。

美国陆军目前主要关注以下几类反无人机系统:

固定/半固定系统

*陆军赞助的固定式低速,慢速,小型无人机系统综合打击系统(FS-LIDS)

*反对由空军赞助的即兴非国家联合空中威胁(NINJA)

*海军赞助的遥控模型飞机综合防空网(CORIAN)

固定/移动系统

*由海军陆战队赞助的轻型移动防空综合系统(L-MADIS)

拆卸/手持系统

* Bal Chatri,由特种作战司令部赞助

* Dronebuster,无赞助商,商业现成功能

* Smart Shooter,无赞助商,商业现成功能

指挥与控制

*由陆军赞助的前沿地区防空指挥与控制系统(FAAD-C2)(包括FAAD-C2互操作系统,例如空军的防空系统集成商(ADSI)和海军陆战队的多环境领域无人系统应用指挥系统和控制(MEDUSA C2))

Todd South

5 hours ago

《无人机》第10期:借助人工智能,每个士兵都可以反击无人机

Soldiers of the 3d U.S. Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard), along with the Army Research Laboratory, participate in a Joint Tactical Aerial Resupply Vehicle exercise on Fort A.P. Hill, Va. (Pfc. Gabriel Silva/Army)

With the addition of artificial intelligence and machine learning, the aim is to make every soldier, regardless of job specialty, capable of identifying and knocking down threatening drones.

While much of that mission used to reside mostly in the air defense community, those attacks can strike any infantry squad or tank battalion.

The goal is to reduce cognitive burden and operator stress when dealing with an array of aerial threats that now plague units of any size, in any theater.

“Everyone is counter-UAS,” said Col. Marc Pelini, division chief for capabilities and requirements at the Joint Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems Office, or JCO.

Pelini and Maj. Gen. Sean Gainey, JCO director, who spoke Thursday at the virtual Association of the U.S. Army conference, told reporters that the original focus was on smaller Tier I and II threats. But that has now extended to Tier III threats, traditionally covered by the Army’s air defense community, such as Avenger and Patriot missile batteries.

Some of that work includes linking the larger threat detection to the smaller drones that now dot conflicts across the world, including the hot zone of the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict.

In June, the Department of Defense conducted a “down select” of existing or in-the-pipeline counter-drone systems from 40 to eight, as Military Times sister publication C4ISRNET reported at the time.

That was an effort to reduce redundancy in the flood of counter drone programs taken on in the wake of a $700 million funding push in 2017 to get after problems posed by commercially available drones being used more frequently by violent extremist organizations such as the Islamic State to harass, attack and surveil U.S. and allied forces.

Those choices, in the down select, included the following, also reported by C4ISRNET:

Fixed/Semi-Fixed Systems

* Fixed Site-Low, Slow, Small Unmanned Aircraft System Integrated Defeat System (FS-LIDS), sponsored by the Army

* Negation of Improvised Non-State Joint Aerial-Threats (NINJA), sponsored by the Air Force

* Counter-Remote Control Model Aircraft Integrated Air Defense Network (CORIAN), sponsored by the Navy

Mounted/Mobile System

* Light-Mobile Air Defense Integrated System (L-MADIS), sponsored by the Marine Corps

Dismounted/Handheld Systems

* Bal Chatri, sponsored by Special Operations Command

* Dronebuster, no sponsor, commercial off-the-shelf capability

* Smart Shooter, no sponsor, commercial off-the-shelf capability

Command and Control

* Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD-C2), sponsored by the Army (includes FAAD-C2 interoperable systems like the Air Force’s Air Defense System Integrator (ADSI) and the Marine Corps' Multi-Environmental Domain Unmanned Systems Application Command and Control (MEDUSA C2))

The four areas evaluated to determine which systems stuck around for use or further development were effectiveness, integration, usability and sustainment, Gainey said Thursday.

A kind of virtual open house with industry is planned for Oct. 30, in which JCO will evaluate what options are out there.

Some of what they’re learning is being gathered through a consortium, of sorts, that involves regular meetings between service branch representatives during monthly sessions at the two-star level, Gainey said.

That goes into a real-time, updated “common threat library” that helps those in the field identify trends and changes that can be met across forces.

They use those sessions to share what each component is seeing in theater as far as drone use and changes. But it’s more than simple intelligence gathering, he said.

They also form rapid response teams.

"My operations team works with the warfighters, [the] intelligence community” and others, he said. They “triangulate” common problems with drones and send the rapid response teams to the area of operations most affected.

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